TABLE OF CONTENTS:
- Ghana National Development Planning Reports
- Demographic & Migration Studies Literature
- Land Policy Literature
- Economic Studies Related to Urbanization
- Accra Spatial Planning Literature
- Transportation Sector Literature
- Housing/Shelter Literature
- Water & Sanitation Sector Literature
- Solid Waste Management Sector Literature
- Public Health-Related Literature
- Gender Issues/Studies Literature
- Literature on Politics, Governance, Institutions etc.
Ghana National Development Planning Reports
Republic of Ghana National Development Planning Reports/Strategies
- Republic of Ghana (1995). Ghana Vision 2020 (The first step: 1996-2000).
- Republic of Ghana (2003). Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy 2003-2005: An agenda for growth and prosperity. Volume 1: Analysis and Policy Statement.
- Republic of Ghana National Development Planning Commission (2006). Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II): National Monitoring and Implementation Plan, 2006-2009.
- Republic of Ghana National Development Planning Commission (2008). The implementation of the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II) 2006-2009: Annual Report.
- Republic of Ghana National Development Planning Commission (2006). Guidelines for the preparation of district medium-term development plan under the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy 2006-2009.
- Republic of Ghana National Development Planning Commission (2009). Guidelines for the preparation of district medium-term development plan under the Medium-Term Development Policy Framework 2010-2013.
- Republic of Ghana Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (2007). 2057 Budget.
- Republic of Ghana Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology (2009). National science, technology and innovation policy – September 2009.
Ghana Development Reports (WB, ADF, UNDP, etc.)
- African Development Fund (2005). Ghana country strategy paper, 2005-2009.
- Favrvacque-Vitkovic, C.; Raghunath, M.; Eghoff, C.; Baokye, C. (2008). Development of the cities of Ghana: challenges, priorities and tools. World Bank Africa Region Working Paper Series, no. 110.
- United Nations Development Programme (2007). Ghana Human Development Report: Towards a more inclusive society.
Ghana Demographic & Migration Studies Literature
Government of Ghana Reports
- Ghana Statistical Service (1995). Migration research study in Ghana, volume 1: internal migration. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service.
- Ghana Statistical Service (1995). Migration research study in Ghana, volume 2: international migration. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service. [
- Ghana Statistical Service (2005). 2000 population & housing census of Ghana : demographic, economic and housing characteristics : total country (2005). Accra, Ghana: Ghana Statistical Service.
- Ghana Statistical Service (2005). 2000 population & housing census: Analysis of district data and implications for planning – Greater Accra Region. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service.
- Ghana Statistical Service (2008). Ghana in Figures 2008 Report. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service
- Ghana Statistical Service (2008). Ghana living standards survey: report of the fifth round. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service.
Journal articles, other reports, etc.
- Adams, M., & Anum, J. D. (2005). Statistical Information Resources and Development Planning in Ghana. Information Development, 21(2), 138-145.
- Adams Jr., R.H. (2007). An overview of data contained in the 2005/06 Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS 5) (sub-sample) on migration and remittances. Washington, D.C: World Bank.
- Agyei-Mensah, S., & Owusu, G. (2009). Segregated by neighbourhoods? A portrait of ethnic diversity in the neighbourhoods of the Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana. Population, Space and Place, 9999(9999), n/a.
- Ammassari , Savina. (2004). “From Nation-building to Entrepreneurship: The Impact of Elite Return Migrants in Cote D’Ivoire and Ghana.” Population, Space and Place 10: 133-54.
- Anarfi , J., Kwankye, S., Ofuso-Mensah, A., Tiemoko, R..(2003). Migration to and from Ghana: A Background Paper. Development Research Center on Migration , Globalization and Poverty, Working Paper No. 4 . Univ. of Sussex, UK.
- Asiedu, A. (2005). Some benefits of migrants’ return visits to Ghana. Population, Space and Place, 11(1), 1-11.
- Bertrand, M.; Delaunay, D. (2005). Residential Mobility in the Greater Accra Region: Individual and geographic differentiations. Paris: Centre Population et Developpment.
- Black, Richard, Russell King, and Richmond Tiemoko. (2003). Migration, Return and Small Enterprise Development in Ghana: A Route out of Poverty? International Workshop on Migration and Poverty in West Africa. Univ. of Sussex, UK, Mar. 13-14.
- Diko, Johnson, and Graham Tipple. (1992). “Migrants Build at Home: Long Distance Housing Development by Ghanaians in London,” Cities: 9 288-94.
- Harvey, M. E., & Brand, R. R. (1974). The spatial allocation of migrants in Accra, Ghana. The Geographical Review, 64(1), 1-30.
- Henry, Leroy, and Giles Mohan. (2003). “Making Homes: The Ghanaian Diaspora, Institutions and Development.” Journal of International Development 15: 611-22.
- Mohan, Giles. (2006). “Embedded Cosmopolitanism and the Politics of Obligation: The Ghanaian Diaspora and Development.” Environment and Planning A 38:867-83.
- Owusu, G. (2008). Indigenes’ and migrants’ access to land in peri-urban areas of Accra, Ghana. International Development Planning Review, 30(2), 177-198.
- Orozco, Manuel. (2005). Diaspora, Development and Transnational Integration: Ghanaian in the U.S., U.K. and Germany. Institute for the Study of International Migration and Inter-American Dialogue.
Ghana/Accra-related Land Policy Literature
- Government of Ghana Ministry of Land and Forestry (1999). National Land Policy.
- Agbosu, L. Awumbila, M., Dowuona-Hammond, C., Tsikata, D. (2007). Customary and statutory land tenure and land policy in Ghana. Institute of Statistical, Social & Economic Research, University of Ghana, Legon. Technical Publication No. 70.
- Antwi Adarkwah and John Adams . (2003a). “Economic Rationality and Informal Urban Land Transactions in Accra, Ghana.” Journal of Property Research 20:67-90.
- Aryeetey, E.; Ayee, JRR; Ninsin, K.A.; Tsikata, D. (2007). The politics of land tenure reform in Ghana: from the Crown Lands Bill to the Land Administration Project. Institute of Statistical, Social & Economic Research, University of Ghana, Legon. Technical Publication No. 71.
- Aryeetey, E., Al-Hassan, R.M., Asuming-Brempong, S., Twerefou, D.K. (2007). The organization of land markets and production in Ghana. Institute of Statistical, Social & Economic Research, University of Ghana, Legon. Technical Publication No. 73.
- Aryeetey, E., Kotey, N.A.; Amponsah, N.; Bentsi-Enchill, K. (2007). Legal and institutional issues in land policy reform in Ghana. Institute of Statistical, Social & Economic Research, University of Ghana, Legon. Technical Publication No. 74.
- Botchie, G; Akabzaa, T., Gyasi, E; Sarpong, D.B. (2007). Land tenure, land use and environment in Ghana. Institute of Statistical, Social & Economic Research, University of Ghana, Legon. Technical Publication No. 72.
- Center for Democracy and Development, Ghana (2000). Corruption and other constraints on the land market and land administration in Ghana: a preliminary investigation. Accra: CDD Ghana.
- Karikari, I.B. Ghana’s Land Administration Project (LAP) and Land Information Systems (LIS) Implementation: The Issues. Paper for 5th FIG Regional Conference, Accra, Ghana, March 8-11, 2006.
- Kasanga Kasim, Jeff Cochrane, Russell King, and Michael Roth. (1996). Land Markets and Legal Contradictions in the Peri-Urban Area of Accra Ghana” Informant Interviews and Secondary Data Investigations. Land Tenure Research Center, Working Paper No 127. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison.
- Larbi, W. O., Antwi, A., & Olomolaiye, P. (2004). Compulsory land acquisition in Ghana – policy and praxis. Land Use Policy, 21(2), 115-127. Republic of Ghana Ministry of Lands and Forestry (1999). National land policy. Accra: Republic of Ghana.
- Somvei, J.K. (2001). The effectiveness of institutions in land registration in Ghana. London: RICS Foundation.
- Ubink, J.M. & Amanor, K.S. (eds). (2008). Contesting land and custom in Ghana: State, chief and the citizen. Leden: Leden University Press.
- Yanksok, P.W.K. (Date?). Access to land, tenure security and growth within the informal economy of the urban and peri-urban areas in Ghana. . Institute of Statistical, Social & Economic Research, University of Ghana, Legon.
- WaterAid Ghana & UN HABITAT (2009). A study on land tenure in urban areas.
Economic Studies Relevant to Accra Urbanization
- Barr Abigail M. (1995). The Missing Factor: Entrepreneurial Networks, Enterprises, And Economic Growth in Ghana . Centre for the Study of African Economies, Working Paper: 95-111. Univ. of Oxford, UK.
- Ghana National Development Congress (2009). Manifesto for a better Ghana: overview.
- Grant, Richard. (2001). “Liberalisation Policies and Foreign Companies in Accra, Ghana,” Environment and Planning A 33: 997-1014.
- Hammond, Nikoi. (2006). “The Social Costs of Real Estate Market Information Gaps in Ghana.” Urban Policy and Research 14: 391- 408.
- Hart, K. (1973). Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 11(1), 61-89.
- Killick, Tony. (1978). Development Economics in Action: A Study of Economic Policies in Ghana. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
- Konadu-Agyemang, Kwadwo. (2000). “The Best of Times and the Worst of Times: Structural Adjustment Programs and Uneven Development in Africa: The Case of Ghana.” Professional Geographer 52: 469- 83.
- Konadu-Agyemang, K; Adanu, S. (2003). The changing geography of export trade in Ghana under structural adjustment programs: some socioeconomic and spatial implications. Professional Geographer, 55(4): 513-527.
- Mends, Theodora (2006). Property Valuation in Ghana: Constraints and Contradictions. Paper presented at he Promoting Land Administration and Good Governance Conference, Accra, Ghana March 8-11.
- Mmieh, Frederick, and Nana Owusu-Frimpong. (2004). “State Policies and the Challenges in Attracting Foreign Direct Investment: A Review of the Ghana Experience.” Thunderbird International Business Review 46: 575-99
- United Nations. (2003). Investment Policy Review: Ghana. New York: United Nations.
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2002). Ghana’s Gateway Program http://rO.unctad.org/ ttl/ppt-2002-J J -25/ghana/ghana-present.htm.
- United Nations Industrial Development Organization. (2003). Project Profiles: Ghana. Vienna: UNIDO.
Accra Urban Planning Literature
- Government of Ghana Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (1993). Local Government Act.
- Government of Ghana Environmental Protection Agency (1994). Environmental Protection Agency Act.
- Government of Ghana Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development Urban Development Unit (2011). National Urban Development Policy.
Accra City “Profiles”
- Amuzu, A.T.; Leitmann, J. (1994). Accra: urban environmental profile. Cities, 11(1): 5-9.
- Grant, Richard, and Paul Yankson. (2003). “Accra: City Profile.” Cities 20 65-74
- United Nations Human Settlements Programme (2009). Ghana: Accra urban profile.
Local Development Plans
- Government of Ghana Ministry of Housing (1958). Accra: A Plan for the Town.
- Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA). (1999). Five-Year Medium Term Development Plan. Report. Accra: Accra Metropolitan Assembly.
- Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) and Ministry of Works and Housing. (2002). A Strategic Action Plan to Address the Issue of Squatter/Temporary Developments in the Metropolis. Accra: Accra Metropolitan Assembly.
- Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA). (2007). Five-Year Medium Term Development Plan: Profile, Implementation, Yearly Plans, Monitoring & Evaluation. Accra: Accra Metropolitan Assembly.
- Government of Ghana Ministry of Local Government Town & Country Planning Department, United Nations Development Programme. (1991). Strategic Plan for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area.
Urban Development Planning in Accra and Ghana (books)
- Grant, Richard. (2009). Globalizing City: The Urban and Economic Transformation of Accra, Ghana. Syracuse University Press: Syracuse
- Ofori, Sam. (2002). Regional Policy and Regional Planning in Ghana. Ashgate: Burlington.
- Pellow, Deborah. (2002). Landlords and Lodgers: Socio-Spatial Organization in an Accra Community. Westport: Praeger.
- Songsore, Jacob. (2003). Regional Development in Ghana: The Theory and Reality. Accra: Woeli Publishing Services.
Urban Development Planning in Accra and Ghana (journal articles, reports etc.)
- Antwi Adarkwah and John Adams (2003b). “Rent-seeking Behavior and Its Economic Costs in Urban Land Transactions in Accra, Ghana.” Urban Studies, 40: 2083-98.
- Asabere, P.K.; Sirmans, C.F. ; Colwell, P. (1982). The intensity of residential land use in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Urban Economics, 11: 190-198.
- Asomani-Boateng, R. (2002). Urban cultivation in Accra: an examination of the nature, practices, problems, potentials and urban planning implications. Habitat International, 26(4), 591-607.
- Brand, Richard. (1972). “The Spatial Organization of Residential Areas in Accra, Ghana, with Particular Reference to Aspects of Modernization.” Economic Geography 48: 284-98.
- Columbia University GSAPP Accra Studio. (2003). http://www.arch .columbia.edu/Studio/Spring2003/UP/Accra/index.html.
- Grant, Richard. (2005). “The Emergence of Gated Communities in a West African Context,” Urban Geography 26: 661- 83.
- Grant, Richard, and Jan Nijman. (2002). “Globalization and the Corporate Geography of Cities in the Less-Developed World,” Annals of the Association of American Geographies 92: 320-40.
- Grant, Richard, and Jan Nijman. (2004). “The Re-scaling of Uneven Development in Ghana and India” Tijdschrift voor Economishe en Sociale Geografie (Journal of Economic and Social Geography) 95: 467- 81.
- Melara Arguello, J.E., Grant, R., Oteng-Ababio, M., Ayele, B. Downgrading – an overlooked reality in African cities: Reflections from an indigenous neighborhood of Accra, Ghana. Applied Geography, 36: 23-30.
- Odame-Larbi, W. (1996). “Spatial Planning and Urban Fragmentation in Accra.” Third World Planning Review 18: 193-214.
- Owusu, F. (2007). Conceptualizing Livelihood Strategies in African Cities: Planning and Development Implications of Multiple Livelihood Strategies. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26(4), 450-465.
- Songsore, J. (2008). Environmental and structural inequalities in Greater Accra. Journal of the International Institute, 16(1), 8-9, 13.
- Yeboah, Ian. (2001). “Structural Adjustment and Emerging Urban Form in Accra Ghana.” Africa Today 7: 61-89.
- Yeboah, Ian. (2003). “Demographic and Housing Aspects of Structural Adjustment and Emerging Urban Form in Accra, Ghana.” Africa Today 10: 106-119.
Accra-related Transportation Sector Literature
- Government of Ghana Ministry of Transport (2008). National Transport Policy.
- Finn, B.; Arthur, B.A.; Gyamera, S. (2009). New regulatory frameworks for urban passenger transport in Ghanaian cities. Paper submitted for 11th Conference on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport, Delft University of Technology, 20-25 September 2009.
- IBIS Transport Consultants, Ltd. (2005). Study of urban public transport conditions in Accra, Ghana.
- Republic of Ghana – Ministry of Road Transport, Department of Urban Roads. (2005). Annual Report.
- Republic of Ghana – Ministry of Roads and Highways. (2008). National transport policy. December 2008.
- Republic of Ghana – Ministry of Transportation, Department of Urban Roads. (2008). Feasibility studies and design of Giffard, Teshie Link, and Burma Camp roads. Document # E2038 V1.
- Republic of Ghana – Ministry of Transportation, Department of Urban Roads. (2008). Resettlement Action Plan for Giffard Road, Teshie Link Road and Burma Roads. Document # RP751 V1
- Republic of Ghana – Ministry of Transportation & Ghana Statistical Service. (2009). National transport household survey report. February 2009.
Accra-related Transportation (journal articles)
- Abane, A. (1993). Mode choice for the journey to work among formal sector employees in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Transport Geography, 1(4), 219-229.
- Finn, Brendan. (2008). Market role and regulation of extensive urban minibus services as large bus service capacity is restored – Case studies from Ghana, Georgia and Kazakhstan. Research in Transportation Economics, 22: 118-125.
- Fouracre, P.R. (1994). Public transport in Ghanaian cities – a case of union power. Transport Reviews, (14)1: 45-61.
- Fouracre, P.R.; Sohail, M.; Cavill, S. (2006). A participatory approach to urban transport planning in developing countries. Transportation Planning and Technology, 29(4): 313-330.
- Grieco, M.; Turner, J.; Kwakye, E.A. (1995). Informal public transport and the woman trader in Accra, Ghana. Presented at the Seventh World Conference on Transport Research, Sydney, 16-21 July 1995.
- Kwakye, E.A., Fouracre, P.R., Ofosu-Dorte, D. (1997). Developing strategies to meet the transport needs of the urban poor in Ghana. World Transport Policy & Practice, 3(1): 8-14.
- Kwakye, E.A., Fouracre, P.R. (1998). The urban transport policy reform in Ghana. CODATU VIII Conference, Cape Town, September 1998.
- Quarshie, ML. (2007). Integrating cycling in bus rapid transit system in Accra. In, G.M. Morrison and S. Rauch (eds.), Highway and Urban Environment: Proceedings of the 8th Highway and Urban Environment Symposium, 103–116.
- Turner, J., Kwakye, E.A. (1995). Informal public transport and the woman trader in Accra, Ghana. Presented at the Seventh World Conference on Transport Research, Sydney, 16-21 July 1995.
- Turner, J., & Kwakye, E. (1996). Transport and survival strategies in a developing economy: case evidence from Accra, Ghana. Journal of Transport Geography, 4(3), 161-168.
Accra-Related Housing/Shelter Literature
- Government of Ghana Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing. (2005). Draft National Housing Policy.
- Buckley, R. M., & Mathema, A. S. (2007). Is Accra a superstar city? : World Bank Policy Research Working Paper. #4453.
- Centre for Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE). (2004). A Precarious Future: The Informal Settlement of Agbogloshie Accra, Ghana, Unpublished report.
- CHF International (2009). Ga Mashie Housing Improvement Program. Accra: CHF International.
- United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) (2011). Ghana Housing Profile. Nairobi: UN-HABITAT.
- Konadu-Agyemang, Kwadwo, (2001) b. The Political Economy of Housing and Urban Development in Africa: Ghana’s Experience from Colonial Times to (1998). Westport: Praeger.
- Arku, G. (2009). Housing Policy Changes in Ghana in the 1990s — Policy Review. Housing Studies, 24(2), 261 – 272.
- Awanyo, L. (2009). Meeting housing-space demand through in situ housing adjustments in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 27(2), 302-318.
- Buckley, R. M., & Mathema, A. S. (2008). Real Estate Regulations in Accra: Some Macroeconomic Consequences? Urban Studies, 45(11), 2249-2271.
- Grant, R. (2006). Out of place? Global cities in local spaces: A study of the informal settlements in the Korle Lagoon environs in Accra, Ghana. Urban Forum 17(1): 1-24.
- Konadu-Agyemang, K. (2001). A survey of housing conditions and characteristics in Accra, an African city. Habitat International, 25(1), 15-34.
- Korboe, David. (1992). “Family-Houses in Ghanaian Cities: To Be or Not to Be?” Urban Studies 29: 1159-72.
- Tipple, Graham, and David Korboe. (1998). “Housing Policy in Ghana: Towards a Supply-oriented Future.” Habitat International 22: 245-57.
- Tipple, Graham, and Kenneth Willis. (1992). “Why Should Ghanaians Build Houses in Urban Areas? An Introduction to Private Sector Housing in Ghana.” Cities 2: 60-74.
- Tipple, Graham, David Korboe, Guy Garrod, and Kenneth Willis. (1999). “Housing Supply in Ghana: A Study of Accra, Kumasi and Berekum.” Progress in Planning 51: 253-324.
- Tipple, A.G.; Owusu, S.E., Pritchard, C. (2004). User-initiated extensions in Government-built estates in Ghana and Zimbabwe: Unconventional but effective housing supply. Africa Today, 56(1): 79-105.
Accra-related Water and Sanitation Literature
- Republic of Ghana Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing. (2007). National Water Policy.
Ghana/Accra –Specific Studies/Reports
- Abraham, E. M., Van Rooijen, D., Cofie O. and Raschid-Sally, L. (2007) Planning urban water – dependent livelihood opportunities for the poor in Accra, Ghana. SWITCH First Scientific Meeting, Birmingham, January 9-10, 2007.
- McGranahan, G., Njiru, C., Albu, M., Smith, M.D., and Mitlin, D. (2006). How Small Water Enterprises can contribute to the Millennium Development Goals: Evidence from Dar es Salaam, Nairobi, Khartoum and Accra. WEDC, Loughborough University, UK.
- WaterAid Ghana (2008). Accra urban water sector assessment report. Accra: WaterAid.
- WaterAid Ghana (2009). Effective financing of local governments to provide water and sanitation services.
Peer-Review Journal Articles
- Awuah, E., Nyarko, K. B., & Owusu, P. A. (2009). Water and sanitation in Ghana. Desalination, 248(1-3), 460-467.
- Douglas, I., Alam, K., Maghenda, M., Mcdonnell, Y., Mclean, L., & Campbell, J. (2008). Unjust waters: climate change, flooding and the urban poor in Africa. Environment and Urbanization, 20(1), 187-205.
- Fuest, V. & Haffner, SA. (2007). PPP – policies, practices and problems in Ghana’s urban water supply. Water Policy, 9: 169-192.
- Grieco, M. (2009). Living infrastructure: Replacing children’s labour as a source of sanitation services in Ghana. Desalination, 248(1-3), 485-493.
- Raschid-Sally, L., van Rooijen, D., Abraham, E. (2008). Analysing productive use of domestic water and wastewater for urban livelihoods of the poor: a study from Accra, Ghana. In, Butterworth, J., Keijzer M., Smout, I., & Hagos, F.(eds). Proceedings of an international symposium held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 4-6 November 2008. Multiple Use Water Services (MUS) Group, pp. 97-106.
- Seidu, R.; Heistad, A.; Amoah, P.; Dreschel, P.; Jenssen, P.D.; Stenstrom, T.A. (2008). Quantification of the health risk associated with wastewater reuse in Accra, Ghana: a contribution toward local guidelines. Journal of Water and Health, 6(4): 461-471.
- Suleiman, L., & Cars, G. (2009). Water supply governance in Accra: “authentic” or “symbolic”. Water Policy, uncorrected proof 2009, 1-18.
Note: See WaterAid Ghana website for other documents on WATSAN in Ghana:http://www.wateraid.org/ghana/documents/default.asp?Keywords=&Subject=&Author=&Country=6&Language=0&Sort=Date&Display=results
Accra-related Solid Waste Management Literature
- Asomani-Boateng, R. (2007). Closing the Loop: Community-Based Organic Solid Waste Recycling, Urban Gardening, and Land Use Planning in Ghana, West Africa. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 27(2), 132-145.
- Carboo, D.; Fobil, J.N. (2005). Physico-chemical analysis of Municipal Solid Waste in the Accra Metropolis. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, (7): 31-39.
- Fobil, J.N.; Carboo, D.; Attuquayefio, D.K. (200x). Assessing Municipal Solid Wastes (MSWs) for composting programmes in rapidly urbanising areas: a case study from Accra, Ghana. Int. J. Environment and Waste Management. [year, issue # and pages info missing].
- Fobil, J. N., Armah, N. A., Hogarh, J. N., & Carboo, D. (2008). The influence of institutions and organizations on urban waste collection systems: An analysis of waste collection system in Accra, Ghana (1985-2000). Journal of Environmental Management, 86(1), 262-271.
- Fobil, J.N.; Carboo, D.; Armah, N.A. (2005). Evaluation of municipal solid wastes (MSW) for utilization in energy production in developing countries.
- Fobil, J.N.; Carboo, D. (2006). The dilemmas of plastic wastes in a developing economy: proposals for a sustainable management approach for Ghana. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, (10):1 [page info missing].
- Fobil, J.N.; May, J.; Kraemer, A. (2010). Assessing the relationship between socioeconomic conditions and urban environmental quality in Accra, Ghana. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 7: 125-145.
- Hogarh, J.N.; Fobil, J.N.; Ofusu-Budu, G.K. et al. (2008). Assessment of heavy metal contamination and macro-nutrient content of compost for environmental pollution control in Ghana.
- Grant, R., Oteng-Ababio, M. (2012). Mapping the invisible and real “African” economy: urban e-waste circuitry. Urban Geography, 33: 1-21.
- Obirih-Opareh, N., & Post, J. (2002). Quality assessment of public and private modes of solid waste collection in Accra, Ghana. Habitat International, 26(1), 95-112.
- Oteng-Ababio, M. (2009). Private sector involvement in solid waste management in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area in Ghana. Waste Management Research, 0734242X09350247.
- Oteng-Ababio, M., Melara, J.E., Gabbay O. (2013). Solid waste management in African cities: sorting the facts from the fads in Accra, Ghana. Habitat International, 39: 96-104.
Accra-related Public Health Literature
- ICF Macro, Ghana Statistical Service, Ghana Health Service (2008). Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. September 2009
- Morris, S. S., Levin, C. E., Armar-Klemesu, M., Maxwell, D., & Ruel, M. T. (1999). Does Geographic Targeting of Nutrition Interventions Make Sense in Cities? Evidence from Abidjan and Accra. World Development, 27(11), 2011-2019.
- Opoku, A.A., Ansa-Asare, O.D., Amoako, J. (2007). The occurrences and habitat characteristics of mosquitoes in Accra, Ghana. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, 11 (no page designated).
- Owusu-Boateng, K., Kuitunen, M. (2005). Childhood diarrheal morbidity in the Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana: socio-economic, environmental and behavioral risk determinants. Journal of Health & Population in Developing Countries, published March 1 2005.
- Ruel, M. T., Levin, C. E., Armar-Klemesu, M., Maxwell, D., & Morris, S. S. (1999). Good Care Practices Can Mitigate the Negative Effects of Poverty and Low Maternal Schooling on Children’s Nutritional Status: Evidence from Accra. World Development, 27(11), 1993-2009.
- Songsore, J., & McGranahan, G. (1998). The Political Economy of Household Environmental Management: Gender, Environment and Epidemiology in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area. World Development, 26(3), 395-412.
- Songsore, J., McGranahan, G. (2007). Poverty and the environmental health agenda in a low-income city: the case of Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA), Ghana. In, Marcotullio P.J., McGranahan, G. (eds.) (2007). Scaling urban environmental challenges: from local to global and back. London: Earthscan.
- Songsore, J., & McGranahan, G. (2003). Women’s household environmental care roles in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area: a qualitative appraisal. Research Review NS 19(2): 67-83.
- Songsore, J., Nabila, J.S., Amazu, A.T. et al. (2001). Proxy indicators for rapid assessment of environmental health status of residential areas: the case of the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA), Ghana. Stockholm Environment Institute Urban Environment Series Report No. 4. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute.
- Weeks, J.R., Hill, A.G., Getis, A., Stow, D. (2006). Ethnic residential patterns as predictors of intra-urban child mortality inequalities in Accra, Ghana. Urban Geography, 27(6): 526-548.
- World Health Organization & UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (2008). Coverage estimates for improved sanitation – Ghana.
- Songsore, J., Nabila, J.S., Yangyouru, Y. et al. (2009). Integrating disaster risk and environmental health monitoring: Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana. In, Pelling, M. & Wisner, B. Disaster Risk Reduction: cases from urban Africa. London: Earthscan, pp. 65-86.
- Arku, R. E., Vallarino, J., Dionisio, K. L., Willis, R., Choi, H., Wilson, J. G., et al. (2008). Characterizing air pollution in two low-income neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. Science of The Total Environment, 402(2-3), 217-231.
Accra-Related Gender Studies Literature
Reports, journal articles
- African Development Fund, Human Development Department (2008). Ghana country gender profile. October, 2008.
- Amoo-Adare, E. (2004). En-gendering critical spatial literacy: migrant Asante women and the politics of urban space. Wagadu, 1: 1-17.
- Awumbila, M., & Ardayfio-Schandorf, E. (2008). Gendered poverty, migration and livelihood strategies of female porters in Accra, Ghana. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 62(3), 171-179.
- Levin, C. E., Ruel, M. T., Morris, S. S., Maxwell, D. G., Armar-Klemesu, M., & Ahiadeke, C. (1999). Working Women in an Urban Setting: Traders, Vendors and Food Security in Accra. World Development, 27(11), 1977-1991.
- Overa, R. (2007). When men do women’s work: structural adjustment, unemployment and changing gender relations in the informal economy of Accra, Ghana. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 45(04), 539-563.
Ghana/Accra-Related Literature on Politics, Governance, Institutions etc.
- GaDangme Council (1999). Burning Issues on Ga Dangme Lands. Accra: Ga Dangme Council.
- GaDangme Council, (2002). A Mid-Term Briefing on the Challenges, Acts and Accomplishments of the GaDangme Council. Accra: GaDangme Council.
- Gough, Katherine, and Paul Yankson. (1997). Continuity and Change in Peri-Urban Accra. Copenhagen: Danish Council for Development Research.
- MacDonald, George. (1898). The Gold Coast: Past and Present: A Short Description of the Country and Its People. London: Longmans.
- Parker, John. (2000). Making the Town: Ga State and Society in Early Colonial Accra. Portsmouth: Heinemann.
- Appiahene-Gyamfi, Joseph. (2003). “Urban Crime Trends and Patterns in Ghana: the Case of Accra.” Journal of Criminal Justice 31: 13-23.
- Campbell, John. (1994). “Urbanization, Culture and the Politics of Urban Development in Ghana, 1875- 1980.” Urban Anthropology 23: 409-50.
- Gymiah-Boadi, E., and Richard Asante (2003). Minorities in Ghana. Report prepared for the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights, Sub-Commission on Promotion and Protection of Human Rights Working Group on Minorities, Ninth Session, May 12-16, New York.
- Obeng-Odoom, F. (2009). An urban twist to politics in Ghana. Habitat International, In Press, Corrected Proof.
- Oberhauser, A.M.; Hanson, K.T. (2007). Negotiating livelihoods and scale in the context of neoliberal globalization: perspectives from Accra, Ghana. African Geographical Review, 26: 11-36.
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